Related WordNet synsets for SUMO concept Fish

More specialized WordNet synsets

Malacopterygii, superorder Malacopterygii
an extensive group of teleost fishes having fins supported by flexible cartilaginous rays
soft-finned fish, malacopterygian
any fish of the superorder Malacopterygii
Ostariophysi, order Ostariophysi
in some classifications considered a superorder comprising the Cypriniformes and the Siluriformes
Cypriniformes, order Cypriniformes
an order of animals including almost entirely freshwater fishes: characins; loaches; carp; suckers; sometimes classified as a suborder of Ostariophysi
cypriniform fish
a soft-finned fish of the order Cypriniformes
Cobitidae, family Cobitidae
slender freshwater fishes of Eurasia and Africa resembling catfishes
Cyprinidae, family Cyprinidae
a family of fish including: carp; tench; roach; rudd; dace
cyprinid, cyprinid fish
soft-finned mainly freshwater fishes typically having toothless jaws and cycloid scales
any of various freshwater fish of the family_Cyprinidae
Cyprinus, genus Cyprinus
type genus of the family Cyprinidae: carp
domestic carp, Cyprinus carpio
large Old World freshwater bottom-feeding fish introduced into Europe from Asia; inhabits ponds and sluggish streams and often raised for food; introduced into United States where it has become a pest
leather carp
scaleless domestic carp
mirror carp
domestic carp with some large large shining scales
Abramis, genus Abramis
European fishes
European bream, Abramis brama
European freshwater fish having a flattened body and silvery scales; of little value as food
Tinca, genus Tinca
tench, Tinca tinca
freshwater dace-like game fish of Europe and western Asia noted for ability to survive outside water
Leuciscus, genus Leuciscus
a genus of fish including: dace, chub
dace, Leuciscus leuciscus
small European freshwater fish with a slender bluish-green body
chub, Leuciscus cephalus
European freshwater game fish with a thick spindle-shaped body
any of numerous small silvery North American cyprinid fishes especially of the genus Notropis
Notropis, genus Notropis
emerald shiner, Notropis atherinoides
small blunt-nosed fish of Great Lakes and Mississippi valley with a greenish luster
common shiner, silversides, Notropis cornutus
the common North American shiner
Notemigonus, genus Notemigonus
golden shiners
golden shiner, Notemigonus crysoleucas
shiner of eastern North America having golden glints; sometimes also called `bream'
Rutilus, genus Rutilus
roach, Rutilus rutilus
European freshwater food fish having a greenish back
Scardinius, genus Scardinius
rudd, Scardinius erythrophthalmus
European freshwater fish resembling the roach
Phoxinus, genus Phoxinus
minnow, Phoxinus phoxinus
very small European freshwater fish common in gravelly streams
Gobio, genus Gobio
true gudgeons
gudgeon, Gobio gobio
small slender European freshwater fish often used as bait by anglers
Carassius, genus Carassius
goldfish, Carassius auratus
small golden or orange-red freshwater fishes of Eurasia used as pond or aquarium fishes
a silvery variety of Carassius auratus
crucian carp, Carassius carassius, Carassius vulgaris
European carp closely resembling wild goldfish
Electrophoridae, family Electrophoridae
small family comprising the electric eels
Electrophorus, genus Electrophorus
type genus of the family_Electrophoridae; electric eels
electric eel, Electrophorus electric
eel-shaped freshwater fish of South America having electric organs in its body
Catostomidae, family Catostomidae
suckers; closely related to the family Cyprinidae
a cypriniform fish of the family Catostomidae
mostly North American freshwater fishes with a thick-lipped mouth for feeding by suction; related to carps
Catostomus, genus Catostomus
type genus of the family Catostomidae
Ictiobus, genus Ictiobus
buffalo fishes
buffalo fish, buffalofish
any of several large suckers of the Mississippi valley
black buffalo, Ictiobus niger
fish of the lower Mississippi
Hypentelium, genus Hypentelium
a genus of fish in the family Catostomidae
hog sucker, hog molly, Hypentelium nigricans
widely distributed in warm clear shallow streams
Maxostoma, genus Maxostoma
a genus of fish in the family Catostomidae
redhorse, redhorse sucker
North American sucker with reddish fins
Cyprinodontidae, family Cyprinodontidae
large family of small soft-finned fishes; killifishes; flagfishes; swordtails; guppies
any member of the family Cyprinodontidae
small mostly marine warm-water carp-like schooling fishes; used as bait or aquarium fishes or in mosquito control
Fundulus, genus Fundulus
mummichog, Fundulus heteroclitus
silver-and-black killifish of saltwater marshes along the United States Atlantic coast
striped killifish, mayfish, Fundulus majalis
black-barred fish of bays and coastal marshes of United States Atlantic and Gulf coasts
genus Rivulus
found in small streams of tropical America; often kept in aquariums; usually hermaphroditic
Jordanella, genus Jordanella
flagfish, American flagfish, Jordanella floridae
flagfish with a dark-blue back and whitish sides with red stripes; found in swamps and streams of Florida
Xyphophorus, genus Xyphophorus
swordtail, helleri, topminnow, Xyphophorus helleri
freshwater fish of Central America having a long swordlike tail; popular aquarium fish
Lebistes, genus Lebistes
guppy, rainbow fish, Lebistes reticulatus
small freshwater fish of South America and West Indies; often kept in aquariums
Poeciliidae, family Poeciliidae
topminnow, poeciliid fish, poeciliid, live-bearer
small usually brightly-colored viviparous surface-feeding fishes of fresh or brackish warm waters; often used in mosquito control
Gambusia, genus Gambusia
mosquitofish, Gambusia affinis
silvery topminnow with rows of black spots of tropical North America and West Indies; important in mosquito control
Platypoecilus, genus Platypoecilus
platy, Platypoecilus maculatus
small stocky Mexican fish; popular aquarium fish
Mollienesia, genus Mollienesia
mollie, molly
popular aquarium fish
Berycomorphi, order Berycomorphi
an order of spiny-finned fish in the superorder Acanthopterygii
Holocentridae, family Holocentridae
squirrelfishes and soldierfishes
Holocentrus, genus Holocentrus
type genus of the family Holocentridae; squirrelfishes
very small brightly colored (esp. red) nocturnal fishes of shallow waters of tropical reefs; they make sounds like a squirrel's bark
reef squirrelfish, Holocentrus coruscus
on reefs from Bermuda and Florida to northern South America
deepwater squirrelfish, Holocentrus bullisi
a squirrelfish found from South Carolina to Bermuda and Gulf of Mexico
Holocentrus ascensionis
bright red fish of West Indies and Bermuda
the larger squirrelfishes
Anomalopidae, family Anomalopidae
a family of fish including: flashlight fishes
genus Anomalops
type genus of the family Anomalopidae
anomalops, flashlight fish
fish having a luminous organ beneath eye; of warm waters of the western Pacific and Puerto Rico
Krypterophaneron, genus Krypterophaneron
a genus of fish in the family Anomalopidae
Photoblepharon, genus Photoblepharon
a genus of fish in the family Anomalopidae
flashlight fish, Photoblepharon palpebratus
fish of deep dark waters having a light organ below each eye
Zeomorphi, order Zeomorphi
Zeidae, family Zeidae
a family of fish in the order Zeomorphi
marine fishes widely distributed in mid-waters and deep slope waters
Zeus, genus Zeus
type genus of the family Zeidae
John dory, Zeus faber
European dory
Caproidae, family Caproidae
Capros, genus Capros
a genus of fish in the family Caproidae
boarfish, Capros aper
fish with a projecting snout
Antigonia, genus Antigonia
a genus of fish in the family Caproidae
long-snouted fishes with large eyes
Solenichthyes, order Solenichthyes
bellows fishes; shrimpfishes; cornetfishes; pipefishes; small order of chiefly tropical marine fishes of varied and bizarre form all having a small mouth at the end of a drawn-out tubular snout
Fistulariidae, family Fistulariidae
Fistularia, genus Fistularia
type genus of the family Fistulariidae
slender tropical fish with a long tubular snout and bony plates instead of scales
Gasterosteidae, family Gasterosteidae
stickleback, prickleback
small (2-4 inches) pugnacious mostly scaleless spiny-backed fishes of northern fresh and littoral waters having elaborate courtship; subjects of much research
Gasterosteus, genus gasterosteus
type genus of the family Gasterosteidae
three-spined stickleback, Gasterosteus aculeatus
of rivers and coastal regions
ten-spined stickleback, Gasterosteus pungitius
confined to rivers
Syngnathidae, family Syngnathidae
pipefish, needlefish
fish with long tubular snout and slim body covered with bony plates
Syngnathus, genus Syngnathus
type genus of the family_Syngnathidae
dwarf pipefish, Syngnathus hildebrandi
small (4 inches) fish found off Florida gulf coast
Cosmocampus, genus Cosmocampus
a genus of fish in the family Syngnathidae
deepwater pipefish, Cosmocampus profundus
8 inches; from eastern Florida to western Caribbean
Hippocampus, genus Hippocampus
seahorse, sea horse
small fish with horselike heads bent sharply downward and curled tails; swim in upright position
Macrorhamphosidae, family Macrorhamphosidae
bellows fishes
snipefish, bellows fish
small bottom-dwelling fish of warm seas having a compressed body and a long snout with a toothless mouth
Centriscidae, family Centriscidae
slender tropical shallow-water East Indian fish covered with transparent plates
Aulostomidae, family Aulostomidae
Aulostomus, genus Aulostomus
type genus of the Aulostomidae
trumpetfish, Aulostomus maculatus
tropical Atlantic fish with a long snout; swims snout down
Agnatha, superclass Agnatha
superclass of eel-shaped chordates lacking jaws and pelvic fins: lampreys; hagfishes; some extinct forms
jawless vertebrate, jawless fish, agnathan
eel-shaped vertebrate without jaws or paired appendages including the cyclostomes and some extinct forms
Ostracodermi, order Ostracodermi
extinct group of armored jawless vertebrates; taxonomy is not clear
extinct fishlike jawless vertebrate having a heavily armored body; of the Paleozoic
Heterostraci, suborder Heterostraci
extinct group of armored jawless fishes or fishlike vertebrate; taxonomy is not clear
extinct jawless fish with the anterior part of the body covered with bony plates; of the Silurian and Devonian
Osteostraci, suborder Osteostraci, Cephalaspida, suborder Cephalaspida
extinct group of armored fishlike vertebrates; taxonomy is not clear
osteostracan, cephalaspid
extinct jawless fish of the Devonian with armored head
Anaspida, order Anaspida
extinct order of jawless vertebrates
extinct small freshwater jawless fish usually having a heterocercal tail and an armored head; of the Silurian and Devonian
Conodonta, order Conodonta, Conodontophorida, order Conodontophorida
extinct order of primitive vertebrates; the precise taxonomy is not clear; in some classifications considered a separate phylum
small (2 in) extinct eellike fish with a finned tail and a notochord and having cone-shaped teeth containing cellular bone; late Cambrian to late Triassic; possible predecessor of the cyclostomes
Cyclostomata, order Cyclostomata
primitive jawless aquatic vertebrate: lampreys; hagfishes
primitive aquatic vertebrate
Petromyzoniformes, suborder Petromyzoniformes, Hyperoartia, suborder Hyperoartia
lampreys as distinguished from hagfishes
Petromyzontidae, family Petromyzontidae
lamprey, lamprey eel, lamper eel
primitive eellike freshwater or anadromous cyclostome having round sucking mouth with a rasping tongue
Petromyzon, genus Petromyzon
typical lampreys
sea lamprey, Petromyzon marinus
large anadromous lamprey sometimes used as food; destructive of native fish fauna in the Great Lakes
Myxiniformes, suborder Myxiniformes, Hyperotreta, suborder Hyperotreta, Myxinoidei, Myxinoidea, suborder Myxinoidei
hagfishes as distinguished from lampreys
Myxinidae, family Myxinidae
slime-producing marine animals: hagfishes
hagfish, hag, slime eels
eellike cyclostome having a tongue with horny teeth in a round mouth surrounded by eight tentacles; feeds on dead or trapped fishes by boring into their bodies
Myxine, genus Myxine
type genus of the Myxinidae (typical hagfishes)
Myxine glutinosa
typical hagfish
genus Eptatretus
a genus of fossil fish of the family Myxinidae
a fossil hagfish of the genus Eptatretus
Myxinikela, genus Myxinikela
fossil hagfishes
Myxinikela siroka
fossil hagfish of the Pennsylvanian period (c. 300 million years ago) that resembled modern hagfishes
Gnathostomata, superclass Gnathostomata
comprising all vertebrates with upper and lower jaws
a vertebrate animal possessing true jaws
Placodermi, class Placodermi
extinct group of bony-plated fishes with primitive jaws
fishlike vertebrate with bony plates on head and upper body; dominant in seas and rivers during the Devonian; considered the earliest vertebrate with jaws
Chondrichthyes, class Chondrichthyes
cartilaginous fishes
cartilaginous fish, chondrichthian
fishes in which the skeleton may be calcified but not ossified
Holocephali, subclass Holocephali
chimaeras and extinct forms
fish with high compressed head and a body tapering off into a long tail
Chimaeridae, family Chimaeridae
a family of Holocephali
genus Chimaera
type genus of the Chimaeridae
smooth-skinned deep-sea fish with a tapering body and long threadlike tail
rabbitfish, Chimaera monstrosa
large European chimaera
Elasmobranchii, subclass Elasmobranchii, Selachii, subclass Selachii
sharks; rays; dogfishes; skates
elasmobranch, selachian
any of numerous fishes of the class Chondrichthyes characterized by a cartilaginous skeleton and placoid scales: sharks; rays; skates
any of numerous elongate mostly marine carnivorous fishes with heterocercal caudal fins and tough skin covered with small toothlike scales
Hexanchidae, family Hexanchidae
primitive sharks
Hexanchus, genus Hexanchus
a genus of Hexanchidae
cow shark, six-gilled shark, Hexanchus griseus
large primitive shark widely distributed in warm seas
Lamnidae, family Lamnidae
oceanic sharks
Isuridae, family Isuridae
in some classifications another name for the family Lamnidae
mackerel shark
fierce pelagic and oceanic sharks
Lamna, genus Lamna
a genus of Lamnidae
porbeagle, Lamna nasus
voracious pointed-nose shark of northern Atlantic and Pacific
Isurus, genus Isurus
mako sharks
mako, mako shark
powerful mackerel shark of the Atlantic and Pacific
shortfin mako, Isurus oxyrhincus
very swift active bluish shark found worldwide in warm waters; important game fish
longfin mako, Isurus paucus
similar to shortfin mako but darker blue
bonito shark, blue pointed, Isurus glaucus
common blue-gray shark of southwest Pacific; sport and food fish
Carcharodon, genus Carcharodon
man-eating sharks
great white shark, white shark, man-eater, man-eating shark, Carcharodon carcharias
large aggressive shark widespread in warm seas; known to attack humans
Cetorhinus, genus Cetorhinus
comprising only the basking sharks; in some classifications considered the type genus of a separate family Cetorhinidae
Cetorhinidae, family Cetorhinidae
in some older classifications considered the family of the basking sharks
basking shark, Cetorhinus maximus
large harmless plankton-eating northern shark; often swims slowly or floats at the sea surface
Alopiidae, family Alopiidae
thresher sharks
Alopius, genus Alopius
type genus of the family Alopiidae; in some classifications considered a genus of the family Lamnidae
thresher, thrasher, thresher shark, fox shark, Alopius vulpinus
large pelagic shark of warm seas with a whiplike tail used to round up small fish on which to feed
Orectolobidae, family Orectolobidae
nurse sharks and carpet sharks
Orectolobus, genus Orectolobus
carpet sharks
carpet shark, Orectolobus barbatus
shark of the western Pacific with flattened body and mottled skin
Ginglymostoma, genus Ginglymostoma
nurse sharks
nurse shark, Ginglymostoma cirratum
small bottom-dwelling shark of warm shallow waters on both coasts of North and South America and from southeast Asia to Australia
Carchariidae, family Carchariidae, Odontaspididae, family Odontaspididae
sand sharks; in some classifications coextensive with family Carcharhinidae
Carcharias, genus Carcharias, Odontaspis, genus Odontaspis
type and sole genus of Carchariidae: sand sharks
sand tiger, sand shark, Carcharias taurus, Odontaspis taurus
shallow-water shark with sharp jagged teeth found on both sides of Atlantic; sometimes dangerous to swimmers
Rhincodontidae, family Rhincodontidae
small-toothed sharks comprising only one species
Rhincodon, genus Rhincodon
whale sharks
whale shark, Rhincodon typus
large spotted shark of warm surface waters worldwide; resembles a whale and feeds chiefly on plankton
Scyliorhinidae, family Scyliorhinidae
small bottom-dwelling sharks
cat shark
small bottom-dwelling sharks with catlike eyes; found along continental slopes
Carcharhinidae, family Carcharhinidae
largest family of living sharks; found worldwide esp. in tropical waters; dorsal fin lacks spines: requiem sharks including tiger sharks and soupfin sharks
requiem shark
any of numerous sharks from small relatively harmless bottom-dwellers to large dangerous oceanic and coastal species
Carcharhinus, genus Carcharhinus
type genus of the Carcharhinidae
bull shark, cub shark, Carcharhinus leucas
a most common shark in temperate and tropical coastal waters worldwide; heavy-bodied and dangerous
sandbar shark, Carcharhinus plumbeus
most common gray shark along coasts of middle Atlantic states; sluggish and occasionally caught by fishermen
blacktip shark, sandbar shark, Carcharhinus limbatus
widely distributed shallow-water shark with fins seemingly dipped in ink
whitetip shark, oceanic whitetip shark, white-tipped shark, Carcharinus longimanus
large deep-water shark with white-tipped dorsal fin; worldwide distribution; most dangerous shark
dusky shark, Carcharhinus obscurus
relatively slender blue-gray shark; nearly worldwide in tropical and temperate waters
Negaprion, genus Negaprion
lemon sharks
lemon shark, Negaprion brevirostris
common shallow-water schooling shark of the Atlantic from North Carolina to Brazil and off west Africa; dangerous
Prionace, genus Prionace
blue sharks
blue shark, great blue shark, Prionace glauca
slender cosmopolitan, pelagic shark; blue body shades to white belly; dangerous esp. during maritime disasters
Galeocerdo, genus Galeocerdo
tiger sharks
tiger shark, Galeocerdo cuvieri
large dangerous warm-water shark with striped or spotted body
Galeorhinus, genus Galeorhinus
a genus of Carcharhinidae
soupfin shark, soupfin, Galeorhinus zyopterus
Pacific shark valued for its fins (used by Chinese in soup) and liver (rich in vitamin A)
any of several small sharks
Triakidae, family Triakidae
small smooth-skinned sharks lacking spines on dorsal fins
Mustelus, genus Mustelus
smooth dogfishes
smooth dogfish
small bottom-dwelling shark found along both Atlantic coasts
smoothhound, smoothhound shark, Mustelus mustelus
smooth dogfish of European coastal waters
American smooth dogfish, Mustelus canis
found along the Atlantic coast of the Americas
Florida smoothhound, Mustelus norrisi
found from the northern Gulf of Mexico to Brazil
Triaenodon, genus Triaenodon
a genus of Triakidae
whitetip shark, reef whitetip shark, Triaenodon obseus
smooth dogfish of Pacific and Indian oceans and Red Sea having white-tipped dorsal and caudal fins
Squalidae, family Squalidae
dogfishes having a spine in each dorsal fin
spiny dogfish
small bottom-dwelling dogfishes
Squalus, genus Squalus
spiny dogfishes
Atlantic spiny dogfish, Squalus acanthias
destructive dogfish of American and European Atlantic coastal waters; widely used in anatomy classes
Pacific spiny dogfish, Squalus suckleyi
dogfish of Pacific coast of North America
Sphyrnidae, family Sphyrnidae
hammerhead sharks; bonnethead sharks
Sphyrna, genus Sphyrna
type genus of the Sphyrnidae
hammerhead, hammerhead shark
medium-sized live-bearing shark with eyes at either end of a flattened hammer-shaped head; worldwide in warm waters; can be dangerous
smooth hammerhead, Sphyrna zygaena
fished for the hides and vitamin-rich liver
smalleye hammerhead, Sphyrna tudes
fished for the hide and vitamin-rich liver
shovelhead, bonnethead, bonnet shark, Sphyrna tiburo
small harmless hammerhead having a spade-shaped head; abundant in bays and estuaries
Squatinidae, family Squatinidae
bottom-dwelling ray-like sharks
Squatina, genus Squatina
type genus of the Squatinidae: angel sharks
angel shark, angelfish, Squatina squatina, monkfish
sharks with broad flat bodies and winglike pectoral fins but that swim the way sharks do
cartilaginous fishes having horizontally flattened bodies and enlarged winglike pectoral fins with gills on the underside; most swim by moving the pectoral fins
Torpediniformes, order Torpediniformes
rays with torpedo-shaped bodies
Torpedinidae, family Torpedinidae
electric rays
electric ray, crampfish, numbfish, torpedo
any sluggish bottom-dwelling ray of the order Torpediniformes having a rounded body and electric organs on each side of the head capable of emitting strong electric discharges
Rajiformes, order Rajiformes, Batoidei, order Batoidei
fish with dorsoventrally flattened bodies; includes: rays; skates; guitarfishes; sawfishes
Pristidae, family Pristidae
large primitive rays with elongated snouts
primitive ray with sharp teeth on each edge of a long flattened snout
Pristis, genus Pristis
type genus of the Pristidae
smalltooth sawfish, Pristis pectinatus
commonly found in tropical bays and estuaries; not aggressive
Rhinobatidae, family Rhinobatidae
primitive rays with guitar-shaped bodies
primitive tropical bottom-dwelling ray with a guitar-shaped body
Dasyatidae, family Dasyatidae
sting rays
large venomous ray with large barbed spines near the base of a thin whiplike tail capable of inflicting severe wounds
Dasyatis, genus Dasyatis
type genus of the Dasyatidae
roughtail stingray, Dasyatis centroura
one of the largest stingrays; found from Cape Cod to Cape Hatteras
Gymnura, genus Gymnura
butterfly rays
butterfly ray
short-tailed broad-finned stingray
Myliobatidae, family Myliobatidae
eagle rays
eagle ray
powerful free-swimming tropical ray noted for `soaring' by flapping winglike fins; usually harmless but has venomous tissue near base of the tail as in stingrays
Aetobatus, genus Aetobatus
a genus of Myliobatidae
spotted eagle ray, spotted ray, Aetobatus narinari
ray with back covered with white or yellow spots; widely distributed in warm seas
Rhinoptera, genus Rhinoptera
a genus of Myliobatidae
cownose ray, cow-nosed ray, Rhinoptera bonasus
large ray found along eastern coast of North America
Mobulidae, family Mobulidae
large rays lacking venomous spines: mantas
manta, manta ray, devilfish
extremely large pelagic tropical ray that feeds on plankton and small fishes; usually harmless but its size make it dangerous if harpooned
genus Manta
a genus of Mobulidae
Atlantic manta, Manta birostris
largest manta (to 22 feet across wings); found worldwide but common in Gulf of Mexico and along southern coasts of United States; primarily oceanic
Mobula, genus Mobula
type genus of the Mobulidae
devil ray, Mobula hypostoma
small manta (to 4 feet) that travels in schools
Rajidae, family Rajidae
bottom-dwelling tropical rays: skates
large edible rays having a long snout and thick tail with pectoral fins continuous with the head; swim by undulating the edges of the pectoral fins
Raja, genus Raja
type genus of the family Rajidae
gray skate, Raja batis
common European skate used as food
little skate, Raja erinacea
most plentiful skate in North American inshore waters in summer; to 2l inches
thorny skate, Raja radiata
cold-water bottom fish with spines on the back; to 40 inches
barndoor skate, Raja laevis
one of the largest skates (to 5 feet); an active skate easy to hook
game fish
any fish providing sport for the angler
food fish
any fish used for food by human beings
any of numerous small food fishes taken with hook and line
rough fish
any fish useless for food or sport or even as bait
groundfish, bottom fish
fish that live on the sea bottom especially commercially important gadoid fishes like cod and haddock or flatfish like flounder
young fish
a fish that is young
the young of various fishes
any of various fishes that carry their eggs and their young in their mouths
Osteichthyes, class Osteichthyes
a class of fish having a skeleton composed of bone in addition to cartilage
bony fish
any fish of the class Osteichthyes
Crossopterygii, subclass Crossopterygii
fishes having paired fins resembling limbs and regarded as ancestral to amphibians
crossopterygian, lobefin, lobe-finned fish
any fish of the order Crossopterygii; most known only in fossil form
Latimeridae, family Latimeridae
extinct except for the coelacanth
Latimeria, genus Latimeria
type genus of the Latimeridae: coelacanth
coelacanth, Latimeria chalumnae
fish thought to have been extinct since the Cretaceous Period but found in 1938 off the coast of Africa
Dipnoi, subclass Dipnoi
bony fishes of the southern hemisphere that breathe by a modified air bladder as well as gills; sometimes classified as an order of Crossopterygii
air-breathing fish having an elongated body and fleshy paired fins; certain species construct mucus-lined mud coverings in which to survive drought
Ceratodontidae, family Ceratodontidae
lungfishes having hornlike ridges on the teeth
genus Ceratodus
type genus of the Ceratodontidae: extinct genus of lungfishes
extinct lungfish
Neoceratodus, genus Neoceratodus
extant Australian lungfishes
barramunda, Neoceratodus forsteri
large edible Australian lungfish having paddle-shaped fins
Siluriformes, order Siluriformes
an order of fish belonging to the superorder Malacopterygii including catfishes
catfish, siluriform fish
any of numerous mostly freshwater bottom-living fishes of Eurasia and North America with barbels like whiskers around the mouth
Siluridae, family Siluridae
Old World catfishes
silurid, silurid fish
Old World freshwater catfishes having naked skin and a long anal fin more or less merged with the eellike caudal fin
Silurus, genus Silurus
type genus of the Siluridae: catfishes
European catfish, sheatfish, Silurus glanis
large elongated catfish of central and eastern Europe
Malopterurus, genus Malopterurus
electric catfish
electric catfish, Malopterurus electricus
freshwater catfish of the Nile and tropical central Africa having an electric organ
Ameiuridae, family Ameiuridae
North American catfishes
Ameiurus, genus Ameiurus
type genus of the Ameiuridae: bullhead catfishes
any of several common freshwater catfishes of the United States
horned pout, hornpout, pout, Ameiurus Melas
catfish common in eastern United States
brown bullhead
freshwater catfish of eastern United States
Ictalurus, genus Ictalurus
channel catfishes
channel catfish, channel cat, Ictalurus punctatus
freshwater food fish common throughout central United States
blue catfish, blue cat, blue channel catfish, blue channel cat
a large catfish of the Mississippi valley
Pylodictus, genus Pylodictus
flathead catfishes
flathead catfish, mudcat, goujon, shovelnose catfish, spoonbill catfish, Pylodictus olivaris
large catfish of central United States having a flattened head and projecting jaw
Laricariidae, family Laricariidae
armored catfish
armored catfish
South American catfish having the body covered with bony plates
Ariidae, family Ariidae
sea catfish
any of numerous marine fishes most of which are mouthbreeders; not used for food
Arius, genus Arius
type genus of the Ariidae: sea catfishes
crucifix fish
catfish of the Caribbean area
Gadiformes, order Gadiformes
cods, haddocks, grenadiers; in some classifications considered equivalent to the order Anacanthini
Anacanthini, order Anacanthini
at least partially equivalent to the order Gadiformes in some classifications
gadoid, gadoid fish
a soft-finned fish of the family Gadidae
Gadidae, family Gadidae
large family of important mostly marine food fishes
Gadus, genus Gadus
type genus of the Gadidae: the typical codfishes
cod, codfish
major food fish of arctic and cold-temperate waters
young codfish
Atlantic cod, Gadus morhua
one of the world's most important commercial fishes
Pacific cod, Alaska cod, Gadus macrocephalus
closely related to Atlantic cod
Merlangus, genus Merlangus
whiting, Merlangus merlangus, Gadus merlangus
a food fish of European Atlantic waters resembling the cod; sometimes placed in genus Gadus
Lota, genus Lota
burbot, eelpout, ling, cusk, Lota lota
elongate freshwater cod of northern Europe and Asia and North America having barbels around its mouth
scrod, schrod
young Atlantic cod or haddock esp. one split and boned for cooking
Melanogrammus, genus Melanogrammus
haddock, Melanogrammus aeglefinus
important food fish on both sides of the Atlantic; related to cod but usually smaller
Pollachius, genus Pollachius
pollack, pollock, Pollachius pollachius
important food and game fish of northern seas especially North Atlantic; related to cod
Merluccius, genus Merluccius
any of several marine food fishes related to cod
silver hake, Merluccius bilinearis, whiting
found off Atlantic coast of North America
Urophycis, genus Urophycis
American hakes
Molva, genus Molva
ling, Molva molva
elongated marine food fish of Greenland and northern Europe; often salted and dried
Brosmius, genus Browmius
cusk, torsk, Brosme brosme
large edible marine fish of northern coastal waters; related to cod
Macrouridae, family Macrouridae, Macruridae, family Macruridae
grenadier, rattail, rattail fish
deep-sea fish with a large head and body and long tapering tail
Anguilliformes, order Anguilliformes, order Apodes
elongate fishes with pelvic fins and girdle absent or reduced
voracious snakelike marine or freshwater fishes with smooth slimy usually scaleless skin and having a continuous vertical fin but no ventral fins
young eel
Anguillidae, family Anguillidae
eels that live in fresh water as adults but return to the sea to spawn
Anguilla, genus Anguilla
type genus of the Anguillidae: eels
common eel, freshwater eel
eels that live in fresh water as adults but return to sea to spawn; found in Europe and America; marketed both fresh and smoked
tuna, Anguilla sucklandii
New Zealand eel
Muraenidae, family Muraenidae
marine eels
moray, moray eel
family of brightly colored voracious eels of warm coastal waters; generally nonaggressive to humans but larger species are dangerous if provoked
Congridae, family Congridae
marine eels
conger, conger eel
large somber-colored scaleless marine eel found in temperate and tropical coastal waters; some used for food
Teleostei, subclass Teleostei
large diverse group of bony fishes; includes most living species
teleost fish, teleost, teleostan
a bony fish of the subclass Teleostei
Isospondyli, order Isospondyli
most primitive teleost fishes; all are soft-finned: salmon; trout; herring; shad; sardines; anchovies; whitefish; smelts; tarpon
Gonorhynchidae, family Gonorhynchidae
coextensive with the genus Gonorhynchus
Gonorhynchus, genus Gonorhynchus
slender cylindrical marine fishes lacking air bladders and teeth
beaked salmon, sandfish, Gonorhynchus gonorhynchus
fish of sandy areas of western Pacific and Indian oceans having an angular snout for burrowing into sand
Clupeidae, family Clupeidae
herrings; shad; sardines; etc.
clupeid fish, clupeid
any of numerous soft-finned schooling food fishes of shallow waters of northern seas
the edible young of esp. herrings and sprats and smelts
brit, britt
the young of a herring or sprat or similar fish
Alosa, genus Alosa
herring-like food fishes that migrate from the sea to freshwater to spawn
common American shad, Alosa sapidissima
shad of Atlantic coast of North America; naturalized to Pacific coast
river shad, Alosa chrysocloris
shad that spawns in streams of the Mississippi drainage; very similar to Alosa_sapidissima
allice shad, allis shad, allice, allis, Alosa alosa
European shad
alewife, Alosa pseudoharengus, Pomolobus pseudoharengus
shad-like food fish that runs rivers to spawn; often salted or smoked; sometimes placed in genus Pomolobus
Pomolobus, genus Pomolobus
genus to which the alewife is sometimes assigned
Brevoortia, genus Brevoortia
menhaden, Brevoortia tyrannis
shad-like North American marine fishes used for fish meal and oil and fertilizer
Clupea, genus Clupea
type genus of the Clupeidae: typical herrings
herring, Clupea harangus
commercially important food fish of northern waters of both Atlantic and Pacific
Atlantic herring, Clupea harengus harengus
important food fish; found in enormous shoals in North Atlantic
Pacific herring, Clupea harengus pallasii
important food fish of the north Pacific
any of various small edible herring or related food fishes frequently canned
any of various young herrings (other than brislings) canned as sardines in Norway
brisling, sprat, Clupea sprattus
small herring processed like a sardine
Sardina, genus Sardina, genus Sardinia
pilchard, sardine, Sardina pilchardus
small fishes found in great schools along coasts of Europe; smaller and rounder than herring
Sardinops, genus Sardinops
Pacific sardine, Sardinops caerulea
small pilchards common off the pacific coast of North America
Engraulidae, family Engraulidae
small herring-like plankton-feeding fishes often canned whole or as paste; abundant in tropical waters worldwide
Engraulis, genus Engraulis
type genus of the family Engraulidae
mediterranean anchovy, Engraulis encrasicholus
esteemed for its flavor; usually preserved or used for sauces and relishes
Salmonidae, family Salmonidae
salmon and trout
soft-finned fishes of cold and temperate waters
any of various large food and game fishes of northern waters; usually migrate from salt to fresh water to spawn
a young salmon up to 2 years old
female salmon that has recently spawned
male salmon that has recently spawned
Salmo, genus Salmo
type genus of the Salmonidae: salmon and trout
Atlantic salmon, Salmo salar
found in northern coastal Atlantic waters or tributaries; adults do not die after spawning
landlocked salmon, lake salmon
Atlantic salmon confined to lakes of New England and southeastern Canada
Onchorynchus, genus Onchorynchus
sockeye salmon; chinook salmon; coho salmon
sockeye, sockeye salmon, red salmon, blueback salmon, Onchorynchus nerka
small red-fleshed salmon of rivers and tributaries of the north Pacific valued as food; adults die after spawning
chinook, chinook salmon, king salmon, quinnat salmon, Onchorynchus tshawtscha
large Pacific salmon valued as food; adults die after spawning
coho, cohoe, coho salmon, blue jack, silver salmon, Onchorynchus kisutch
small salmon of north Pacific coasts and the Great Lakes
any of various game and food fishes of cool fresh waters mostly smaller than typical salmons
brown trout, salmon trout, Salmo trutta
speckled trout of European rivers; introduced in North America
rainbow trout, Salmo gairdneri
found in Pacific coastal waters and streams from lower California to Alaska
sea trout
silvery marine variety of brown trout that migrates to fresh water to spawn
Salvelinus, genus Salvelinus
brook trout
lake trout, salmon trout, Salvelinus namaycush
large fork-tailed trout of lakes of Canada and the northern United States
brook trout, speckled trout, Salvelinus fontinalis
North American freshwater trout; introduced in Europe
any of several small-scaled trout
Arctic char, Salvelinus alpinus
small trout of northern waters; landlocked populations in Quebec and northern New England
Coregonidae, family Coregonidae
soft-finned fishes comprising the freshwater whitefishes; formerly included in the family Salmonidae
silvery herring-like freshwater food fish of cold lakes of the northern hemisphere
Coregonus, genus Coregonus
type genus of the Coregonidae: whitefishes
lake whitefish, Coregonus clupeaformis
found in Great Lakes and north to Alaska
cisco, lake herring, Coregonus artedi
important food fish of cold deep lakes of North America
Prosopium, genus Prosopium
round whitefish, Menominee whitefish, Prosopium cylindraceum
bronze-backed whitefish of northern North America and Siberia
Rocky Mountain whitefish, Prosopium williamsonii
whitefish of the western United States and Canada
Osmeridae, family Osmeridae
small trout-like silvery marine or freshwater food fishes of cold northern waters
Osmerus, genus Osmerus
type genus of the Osmeridae
rainbow smelt, Osmerus mordax
important marine and landlocked food fish of eastern North America and Alaska
sparling, European smelt, Osmerus eperlanus
the common smelt of Europe
Mallotus, genus Mallotus
capelin, capelan, caplin
very small northern fish; forage for sea birds and marine mammals and other fishes
Elopidae, family Elopidae
tarpons and ladyfishes
genus Tarpon
tarpon, Tarpon atlanticus
large silvery game fish of warm Atlantic coastal waters especially off Florida
Elops, genus Elops
type genus of the Elopidae: tenpounder
ladyfish, tenpounder, Elops saurus
game fish resembling the tarpon but smaller
Albulidae, family Albulidae
Albula, genus Albula
type and sole genus of the family Albulidae
bonefish, Albula vulpes
slender silvery marine fish found in tropical mud flats and mangrove lagoons
Argentinidae, family Argentinidae
small marine soft-finned fishes with long silvery bodies; related to salmons and trouts
Argentina, genus Argentina
type genus of the Argentinidae: argentines
any of various small silver-scaled salmon-like marine fishes
Myctophidae, family Myctophidae
deep-sea fishes comprising the lantern fishes
small fish having rows of luminous organs along each side; some surface at night
Synodontidae, family Synodontidae
soft-finned bottom-dwelling fishes
lizardfish, snakefish
tropical fishes with large mouths in lizard-like heads; found worldwide
Chlorophthalmidae, family Chlorophthalmidae
small family of soft-finned bottom-livers with large eyes; relatives of lizardfishes
bottom-livers having large eyes with metallic green luster
Alepisaurus, genus Alepisaurus
slender scaleless predaceous tropical deep-sea fishes
lancetfish, lancet fish, wolffish
large elongate scaleless oceanic fishes with sharp teeth and a long sail-like dorsal fin
handsaw fish
a soft-finned fish of the genus Alepisaurus
Lampridae, family Lampridae
Lampris, genus Lampris
type genus of the Lampridae
opah, moonfish, Lampris regius
large elliptical brightly colored deep-sea fish of Atlantic and Pacific and Mediterranean
New World opah, Lampris guttatus
from Nova Scotia to West Indies and Gulf of Mexico
Trachipteridae, family Trachipteridae
marine fish having a long compressed ribbon-like body
Trachipterus, genus Trachipterus
type genus of the Trachipteridae
dealfish, Trachipterus arcticus
deep-sea ribbonfish
Regalecidae, family Regalecidae
Reglaecus, genus Regalecus
type genus of the Regalecidae
oarfish, king of the herring, ribbonfish, Regalecus glesne
thin deep-water tropical fish 20 to 30 feet long having a red dorsal fin
Pediculati, order Pediculati
anglers and batfishes; spiny-finned marine fishes having pectoral fins at the ends of armlike processes and a long movable spine on the dorsal fin to lure prey to the large mouth
Ogcocephalidae, family Ogcocephalidae
batfishes: sluggish bottom-dwelling spiny fishes
bottom-dweller of warm western Atlantic coastal waters having a flattened scaleless body that crawls about on fleshy pectoral and pelvic fins
Lophiidae, family Lophiidae
large-headed marine fishes comprising the anglers
Lophius, genus Lophius
type genus of family Lophiidae
goosefish, angler, anglerfish, angler fish, monkfish, lotte, allmouth, Lophius Americanus
fishes having large mouths with a wormlike filament attached for luring prey
Batrachoididae, family Batrachoididae
toadfishes; related to anglers and batfishes
toadfish, Opsanus tau
bottom-dwelling fish having scaleless slimy skin and a broad thick head with a wide mouth
oyster fish, oysterfish
a variety of toadfish
Antennariidae, family Antennariidae
frogfishes; tropical spiny-finned marine fishes having large nearly vertical mouths; related to toadfishes and anglers
fish having a frog-like mouth with a lure on the snout
sargassum fish
small fantastically formed and colored fishes found among masses of sargassum
Synentognathi, order Synentognathi
order of fishes having spineless fins; needlefishes; sauries; flying fishes; halfbeaks
Belonidae, family Belonidae
ferocious fishes of warm regions resembling but unrelated to the freshwater gars
needlefish, gar, billfish
elongate European surface-dwelling predacious fishes with long toothed jaws; abundant in coastal waters
found in warm waters of western Atlantic
Exocoetidae, family Exocoetidae
flying fishes; closely related to the halfbeaks
flying fish
tropical marine fishes having enlarged winglike fins used for brief gliding flight
monoplane flying fish, two-wing flying fish
having only pectoral fins enlarged
biplane flying fish, four-wing flying fish
having both pectoral and pelvic fins enlarged
Hemiramphidae, family Hemiramphidae
halfbeaks; marine and freshwater fishes closely related to the flying fishes but not able to glide
tropical and subtropical marine and freshwater fishes having an elongated body and long protruding lower jaw
Scomberesocidae, family Scomberesocidae, Scombresocidae, family Scombresocidae
only sauries
Scomberesox, genus Scomberesox, Scombresox, genus Scombresox
a genus of Scomberesocidae
saury, billfish, Scomberesox saurus
slender long-beaked fish of temperate Atlantic waters
Acanthopterygii, superorder Acanthopterygii
teleost fishes having fins with sharp bony rays
spiny-finned fish, acanthopterygian
a teleost fish with fins that are supported by sharp inflexible rays
Ophiodontidae, family Ophiodontidae
fishes closely related to greenlings
Ophiodon, genus Ophiodon
a genus of Ophiodontidae
lingcod, Ophiodon elongatus
food fish of Northern Pacific waters related to greenlings
Perciformes, order Perciformes, Percomorphi, order Percomorphi
one of the largest natural groups of fishes of both marine and fresh water: true perches; basses; tuna
Percoidea, suborder Percoidea
in some classifications nearly or exactly equivalent to the Perciformes which are considered a suborder
percoid fish, percoid, percoidean
any of numerous spiny-finned fishes of the order Perciformes
any of numerous spiny-finned fishes of various families of the order Perciformes
Percidae, family Percidae
active freshwater fishes; true perches and pike perches
spiny-finned freshwater food and game fishes
Perca, genus Perca
type genus of the Percidae
yellow perch, Perca flavescens
North American perch
European perch, Perca fluviatilis
a perch native to Europe
Stizostedion, genus Stizostedion
pikeperch, pike perch
any of several pike-like fishes of the perch family
walleye, walleyed pike, jack salmon, Stizostedion vitreum
pike-like freshwater perches
blue pike, blue pickerel, blue pikeperch, blue walleye, Strizostedion vitreum glaucum
variety inhabiting the Great Lakes
Percina, genus Percina
a genus of Percidae
snail darter, Percina tanasi
3-inch snail-eating perch of the Tennessee River
Trichodontidae, family Trichodontidae
two species of elongate compressed scaleless large-eyed fishes that live in sand or mud
either of two small silvery scaleless fishes of the north Pacific that burrow into sand
Ophidiidae, family Ophidiidae
eel-like marine fishes
elongate compressed somewhat eel-shaped fishes
Brotulidae, family Brotulidae
chiefly deep-sea fishes related to the Ophidiidae
deep-sea fishes
Carapidae, family Carapidae
pearlfishes: related to the Brotulidae
found living within the alimentary canals of e.g. sea cucumbers or between the shells of pearl oysters in or near shallow seagrass beds
Centropomidae, family Centropomidae
a family of fish or the order Perciformes including robolos
a kind of percoid fish
Centropomus, genus Centropomus
type genus of the Centropomidae: snooks
large tropical American food and game fishes of coastal and brackish waters; resemble pike
Esocidae, family Esocidae
pikes; pickerels; muskellunges
Esox, genus Esox
type and only genus of the family Esocidae
any of several elongate long-snouted freshwater game and food fishes widely distributed in cooler parts of the northern hemisphere
northern pike, Esox lucius
voracious pisciverous pike of waters of northern hemisphere
muskellunge, Esox masquinongy
large (60 to 80 pounds) sport fish of North America
any of several North American species of small pike
chain pickerel, chain pike, Esox niger
common in quiet waters of eastern United States
redfin pickerel, barred pickerel, Esox americanus
small but gamy pickerel of Atlantic coastal states
Centrarchidae, family Centrarchidae
sunfish family
sunfish, centrarchid
small carnivorous freshwater percoid fishes of North America usually having a laterally compressed body and metallic luster: crappies; black bass; bluegills; pumpkinseed
Pomoxis, genus Pomoxis
small sunfishes of central United States rivers
black crappie, Pomoxis nigromaculatus
a crappie that is black
white crappie, Pomoxis annularis
a crappie that is white
freshwater bream, bream
any of various usually edible freshwater percoid fishes having compressed bodies and shiny scales; especially (but not exclusively) of the genus Lepomis
Lepomis, genus Lepomis
pumpkinseed, Lepomis gibbosus
small brilliantly colored North American sunfish
bluegill, Lepomis macrochirus
important edible sunfish of eastern and central United States
spotted sunfish, stumpknocker, Lepomis punctatus
inhabits streams from S Carolina to Florida; esteemed panfish
Ambloplites, genus Ambloplites
a genus of Centrarchidae
freshwater bass
North American food and game fish
rock bass, rock sunfish, Ambloplites rupestris
game and food fish of upper Mississippi and Great Lakes
Micropterus, genus Micropterus
American freshwater black basses
black bass
widely distributed and highly prized American freshwater game fishes (sunfish family)
Kentucky black bass, spotted black bass, Micropterus pseudoplites
a variety of black bass
smallmouth, smallmouth bass, smallmouthed bass, smallmouth black bass, smallmouthed black bass, Micropterus dolomieu
a variety of black bass; the angle of the jaw falls below the eye
largemouth, largemouth bass, largemouthed bass, largemouth black bass, largemouthed black bass, Micropterus salmoides
a large black bass; the angle of the jaw falls behind the eye
nontechnical name for any of numerous edible marine and freshwater spiny-finned fishes
Serranidae, family Serranidae
marine fishes: sea basses; sea perches; groupers; jewfish
serranid fish, serranid
marine food sport fishes mainly of warm coastal waters
Morone, genus Morone
carnivorous fresh and salt water fishes
white perch, silver perch, Morone americana
small silvery food and game fish of eastern United States streams
yellow bass, Morone interrupta
North American freshwater bass resembling the larger marine striped bass
sea bass
any of various food and sport fishes of the United States Atlantic coast having an elongated body and long spiny dorsal fin
Synagrops, genus Synagrops
a genus of Serranidae
blackmouth bass, Synagrops bellus
small marine fish with black mouth and gill cavity
Centropristis, genus Centropristis
sea basses
rock sea bass, rock bass, Centropristis philadelphica
a kind of sea bass
black sea bass, black bass, Centropistes striata
bluish black-striped sea bass of the Atlantic coast of the United States
Roccus, genus Roccus
a genus of Serranidae
striped bass, striper, Roccus saxatilis, rockfish
marine food and game fish with dark longitudinal stripes; migrates upriver to spawn; sometimes placed in the genus Morone (Morone saxatilis)
Polyprion, genus Polyprion
stone bass, wreckfish, Polyprion americanus
brown fish of the Atlantic and Mediterranean found around rocks and shipwrecks
Serranus, genus Serranus
type genus of the Serranidae: mostly small Pacific sea basses
belted sandfish, Serranus subligarius
found in warm shallow waters of western Atlantic
usually solitary bottom sea basses of warm seas
Epinephelus, genus Epinephelus
genus of groupers or sea bass
coney, Epinephelus fulvus
black-spotted usually dusky-colored fish with reddish fins
any of several mostly spotted fishes that resemble groupers
rock hind, Epinephelus adscensionis
found around rocky coasts or on reefs
Paranthias, genus Paranthias
a genus of Serranidae
creole-fish, Paranthias furcifer
deep-sea fish of tropical Atlantic
Mycteroperca, genus Mycteroperca
jewfish, Mycteroperca bonaci
large dark grouper with a thick head and rough scales
Rypticus, genus Rypticus
a genus of fish of the family Serranidae, including soapfishes (sometimes placed in the family Grammistidae)
fishes with slimy mucus-covered skin; found in warm American Atlantic coastal waters
Embiotocidae, family Embiotocidae
viviparous percoid fishes comprising the surf fishes
surfperch, surffish, surf fish
small to medium-sized shallow-water fishes of the North American Pacific coast
Hipsurus, genus Hipsurus
a genus of Embiotocidae
rainbow seaperch, rainbow perch, Hipsurus caryi
Pacific coast fish
Priacanthidae, family Priacanthidae
small carnivorous percoid fishes found worldwide in tropical seas
Priacanthus, genus Priacanthus
type genus of the Priacanthidae
red fishes of American coastal tropical waters having very large eyes and rough scales
catalufa, Priacanthus arenatus
brightly colored carnivorous fish of western Atlantic and West Indies waters
Apogonidae, family Apogonidae
bright-colored marine fishes that incubate eggs in the mouth
small red fishes of coral reefs and inshore tropical waters
Apogon, genus Apogon
type genus of the Apogonidae
flamefish, Apogon maculatus
found in tropical Atlantic coastal waters
Astropogon, genus Astropogon
a genus of fish of the family Apogonidae
conchfish, Astropogon stellatus
found in West Indies; lives in mantle cavity of a living conch
Malacanthidae, family Malacanthidae
short-headed marine fishes; often brightly colored
Lopholatilus, genus Lopholatilus
large brightly colored food fish of deep Atlantic waters
tilefish, Lopholatilus chamaeleonticeps
yellow-spotted violet food fish of warm deep waters
Pomatomidae, family Pomatomidae
food and game fishes related to pompanos
Pomatomus, genus Pomatomus
type genus of the Pomatomidae
bluefish, Pomatomus saltatrix
bluish warm-water marine food and game fish that follow schools of small fishes into shallow waters
Rachycentridae, family Rachycentridae
family of pelagic fishes containing solely the cobia
Rachycentron, genus Rachycentron
genus and family are coextensive and comprise only the cobia
cobia, Rachycentron canadum, sergeant fish
large dark-striped tropical food and game fish related to remoras; found worldwide in coastal to open waters
Discocephali, order Discocephali
small order of fishes comprising the remoras
Echeneididae, family Echeneididae, family Echeneidae
fishes having a sucking disk on the head for clinging to other fishes and to ships
remora, suckerfish, sucking fish
marine fishes with a flattened elongated body and a sucking disk on the head for attaching to large fish or moving objects
Echeneis, genus Echeneis
type genus of the Echeneididae: typical remoras
sharksucker, Echeneis naucrates
remoras found attached to sharks
Remilegia, genus Remilegia
a genus of Echeneididae
whalesucker, Remilegia australis
large blue Pacific remora that attaches to whales and dolphins
Carangidae, family Carangidae
large family of narrow-bodied marine food fishes with widely forked tails; chiefly of warm seas
carangid fish, carangid
a percoid fish of the family Carangidae
Caranx, genus Caranx
type genus of the Carangidae
any of several fast-swimming predacious fishes of tropical to warm-temperate seas
crevalle jack, jack crevalle, Caranx hippos
fish of western Atlantic and Gulf of Mexico
yellow jack, Caranx bartholomaei
fish of western Atlantic and Gulf of Mexico
runner, blue runner, Caranx crysos
fish of western Atlantic: Cape Cod to Brazil
Elagatis, genus Elagatis
a genus of Carangidae
rainbow runner, Elagatis bipinnulata
streamlined cigar-shaped jack; good game fish
Oligoplites, genus Oligoplites
leatherjacket, leatherjack
any of several New World tropical fishes having tiny embedded scales
Alectis, genus Alectis
a genus of Carangidae
threadfish, Alectis ciliaris
fish having greatly elongated front rays on dorsal and anal fins
Selene, genus Selene
a genus of Carangidae
moonfish, Atlantic moonfish, horsefish, horsehead, dollarfish, Selene setapinnis
any of several silvery marine fishes with very flat bodies
lookdown, lookdown fish, Selene vomer
similar to moonfish but with eyes high on the truncated forehead
Seriola, genus Seriola
a genus of Carangidae
amberjack, amberfish
any of several amber to coppery fork-tailed warm-water carangid fishes
yellowtail, Seriola dorsalis
game fish of S California and Mexico having a yellow tail fin
rudderfish, banded rudderfish, Seriola zonata
fish having the habit of following ships; found in North and South American coastal waters
kingfish, Seriola grandis
large game fish of Australia and New Zealand
Trachinotus, genus Trachinotus
a genus of Carangidae
any of several deep-bodied food fishes of western Atlantic and Gulf of Mexico
Florida pompano, Trachinotus carolinus
found in coastal waters New England to Brazil except clear waters of West Indies
permit, Trachinotus falcatus
large game fish; found in waters of the West Indies
Naucrates, genus Naucrates
a genus of Carangidae
pilotfish, Naucrates ductor
small pelagic fish often accompanying sharks or mantas
any of a number of fishes of the family Carangidae
Trachurus, genus Trachurus
scads esp. horse mackerels
horse mackerel, jack mackerel, Spanish mackerel, saurel, Trachurus symmetricus
a California food fish
horse mackerel, saurel, Trachurus trachurus
large elongated compressed food fish of European Atlantic waters
Selar, genus Selar
big-eyed scad
bigeye scad, big-eyed scad, goggle-eye, Selar crumenophthalmus
of Atlantic coastal waters; commonly used for bait
Decapterus, genus Decapterus
scads especially mackerel scad; cosmopolitan
mackerel scad, mackerel shad, Decapterus macarellus
small silvery fish; Nova Scotia to Brazil
round scad, cigarfish, quiaquia, Decapterus punctatus
small fusiform fish of western Atlantic
Coryphaenidae, family Coryphaenidae
large active pelagic percoid fish
dolphinfish, dolphin, mahimahi
large slender food and game fish widely distributed in warm seas (especially around Hawaii)
Coryphaena hippurus
the more common dolphinfish valued as food; about six feet long
Coryphaena equisetis
a kind of dolphinfish
Bramidae, family Bramidae
deep-bodied percoid fishes of the open seas
Brama, genus Brama
type genus of the Bramidae
pomfret, Brama raii
deep-bodied sooty-black pelagic spiny-finned fish of North Atlantic and North Pacific; valued for food
Branchiostegidae, family Branchiostegidae
small family of marine fishes having covered gills
blanquillo, tilefish
important marine food fishes
Characidae, family Characidae
tropical freshwater fishes of Africa and S and Central America
Characinidae, family Characinidae
former name of the Characidae
characin, characin fish, characid
any freshwater fish of the family Characinidae
Hemigrammus, genus Hemigrammus
brightly colored tropical freshwater fishes
Paracheirodon, genus Paracheirodon
a genus of Characidae
cardinal tetra, Paracheirodon axelrodi
small bright red and blue aquarium fish from streams in Brazil and Columbia
Serrasalmus, genus Serrasalmus
piranha, pirana, caribe
small voraciously carnivorous freshwater fishes of South America that attack and destroy living animals
Cichlidae, family Cichlidae
cichlid, cichlid fish
freshwater fishes of tropical America and Africa and Asia similar to American sunfishes; some are food fishes; many small ones are popular in aquariums
Tilapia, genus Tilapia
a genus of Cichlidae
bolti, Tilapia nilotica
important food fish of the Nile and other rivers of Africa and Asia Minor
Lutjanidae, family Lutjanidae
any of several large sharp-toothed marine food and sport fishes of the family Lutjanidae of mainly tropical coastal waters
Lutjanus, genus Lutjanus
type genus of the Lutjanidae: snappers
red snapper, Lutjanus blackfordi
esteemed food fish with pinkish red head and body; common in American Atlantic coastal waters and Gulf of Mexico
gray snapper, mangrove snapper, Lutjanus griseus
found in shallow waters off the coast of Florida
mutton snapper, muttonfish, Lutjanus analis
similar to and often marketed as "red snapper"
schoolmaster, Lutjanus apodus
food fish of warm Caribbean and Atlantic waters
Ocyurus, genus Ocyurus
yellowtail, yellowtail snapper, Ocyurus chrysurus
superior food fish of the tropical Atlantic and Caribbean with broad yellow stripe along the sides and on the tail
Haemulidae, family Haemulidae
medium-sized tropical marine food fishes that utter a grunting sound when caught
Haemulon, genus Haemulon
type genus of the Haemulidae
margate, Haemulon album
red-mouthed grunt found from Florida to Brazil
Spanish grunt, Haemulon macrostomum
a kind of grunt
tomtate, Haemulon aurolineatum
found off the West Indies and Florida
cottonwick, Haemulon malanurum
of warm Atlantic waters
sailor's-choice, sailors choice, Haemulon parra
found from Florida to Brazil and Gulf of Mexico
Anisotremus, genus Anisotremus
a genus of Haemulidae
porkfish, Anisotremus virginicus
black and gold grunt found from Bermuda to Caribbean to Brazil
pompon, black margate, Anisotremus surinamensis
dusky gray food fish found from Louisiana and Florida southward
Orthopristis, genus Orthopristis
a genus of Haemulidae
pigfish, hogfish, Orthopristis chrysopterus
found from Long Island southward
Sparidae, family Sparidae
porgies; scups
sparid, sparid fish
spiny-finned food fishes of warm waters having well-developed teeth
sea bream, bream
any of numerous marine percoid fishes especially (but not exclusively) of the family Sparidae
important deep-bodied food and sport fish of warm and tropical coastal waters; found worldwide
Pagrus, genus Pagrus
a genus of Sparidae
red porgy, Pagrus pagrus
food fish of the Mediterranean and Atlantic coasts of Europe and America
Pagellus, genus Pagellus
sea breams
European sea bream, Pagellus centrodontus
food fish of European coastal waters
Archosargus, genus Archosargus
a genus of Sparidae
Atlantic sea bream, Archosargus rhomboidalis
sea bream of warm Atlantic waters
sheepshead, Archosargus probatocephalus
large (up to 20 lbs) food fish of the eastern coast of the United States and Mexico
Lagodon, genus Lagodon
a genus of Sparidae
pinfish, sailor's-choice, squirrelfish, Lagodon rhomboides
similar to sea bream; small spiny-finned fish found in bays along the southeastern coast of the United States
Calamus, genus Calamus
a genus of Sparidae
sheepshead porgy, Calamus penna
from Florida and Bahamas to Brazil
Chrysophrys, genus Chrysophrys
australian snapper
snapper, Chrysophrys auratus
Australian food fish having a pinkish body with blue spots
black bream, Chrysophrys australis
important dark-colored edible food and game fish of Australia
Stenotomus, genus Stenotomus
scup, northern porgy, northern scup, Stenotomus chrysops
found in Atlantic coastal waters of North America from South Carolina to Maine; esteemed as a panfish
scup, southern porgy, southern scup, Stenotomus aculeatus
porgy of southern Atlantic coastal waters of North America
Sciaenidae, family Sciaenidae
warm-water marine fishes including the drums and grunts and croakers and sea trout
sciaenid fish, sciaenid
widely distributed family of carnivorous percoid fishes having a large air bladder used to produce sound
drum, drumfish
small to medium-sized bottom-dwelling food and game fishes of shallow coastal and fresh waters that make a drumming noise
Equetus, genus Equetus
striped drum, Equetus pulcher
a kind of drumfish
jackknife-fish, Equetus lanceolatus
black-and-white drumfish with an erect elongated dorsal fin
Bairdiella, genus Bairdiella
silver perch, mademoiselle, Bairdiella chrysoura
small silvery drumfish often mistaken for white perch; found along coasts of United States from New York to Mexico
Sciaenops, genus Sciaenops
a genus of Sciaenidae
red drum, channel bass, redfish, Sciaenops ocellatus
large edible fish found off coast of United States from Massachusetts to Mexico
Sciaena, genus Sciaena
type genus of the Sciaenidae: croakers
mulloway, jewfish, Sciaena antarctica
large important food fish of Australia; almost indistinguishable from the maigre
maigre, maiger, Sciaena aquila
large European marine food fish
any of several fishes that make a croaking noise
Micropogonias, genus Micropogonias
Atlantic croaker, Micropogonias undulatus
silvery-bodied with dark markings and tiny barbels
Umbrina, genus Umbrina
yellowfin croaker, surffish, surf fish, Umbrina roncador
fish of North American Pacific coast
Menticirrhus, genus Menticirrhus
kingfishes; whiting
any of several food fishes of North American coastal waters
any of several food and game fishes of the drum family indigenous to warm Atlantic waters of the North American coast
king whiting, Menticirrhus americanus
whiting of the southeastern coast of North America
northern whiting, Menticirrhus saxatilis
whiting of the east coast of United States; closely resembles king whiting
corbina, Menticirrhus undulatus
bluish-gray whiting of California coast
silver whiting, Menticirrhus littoralis
a dull silvery whiting of southern Atlantic and Gulf coasts of the United States
Genyonemus, genus Genyonemus
a genus of Sciaenidae
white croaker, chenfish, kingfish, Genyonemus lineatus
small silvery marine food fish found off California
Seriphus, genus Seriphus
a genus of Sciaenidae
white croaker, queenfish, Seriphus politus
silvery and bluish drumfish of shallow California coastal waters
sea trout
any of several sciaenid fishes of North American coastal waters
Cynoscion, genus Cynoscion
sea trout
weakfish, Cynoscion regalis
food and game fish of North American coastal waters with a mouth from which hooks easily tear out
spotted weakfish, spotted sea trout, spotted squeateague, Cynoscion nebulosus
weakfish of southern Atlantic and Gulf coasts of United States
Mullidae, family Mullidae
goatfishes or red mullets
bottom-dwelling marine warm-water fishes with two barbels on the chin
Mullus, genus Mullus
type genus of the Mullidae: goatfishes
goatfish, red mullet, surmullet, Mullus surmuletus
brightly colored tropical fishes with chin barbels
red goatfish, Mullus auratus
body bright scarlet with 2 yellow to reddish strips on side
Mulloidichthys, genus Mulloidichthys
a genus of Mullidae
yellow goatfish, Mulloidichthys martinicus
schooling goatfish; grayish with yellow stripe
Mugiloidea, suborder Mugiloidea
fishes distinguished by abdominal pelvic fins: families Mugilidae; Atherinidae; Sphyraenidae
Mugilidae, family Mugilidae
gray mullets
mullet, gray mullet
freshwater or coastal food fishes a spindle-shaped body; found worldwide
Mugil, genus Mugil
type genus of the Mugilidae: mullets
striped mullet, Mugil cephalus
most important commercial mullet in eastern United States
white mullet, Mugil curema
silvery mullet of Atlantic and Pacific coasts
liza, Mugil liza
similar to the striped mullet and takes its place in the Caribbean region
Atherinidae, family Atherinidae
small spiny-finned fishes of both salt and fresh water
silverside, silversides
small fishes having a silver stripe along each side; found along the Atlantic coast of the United States
Atherinopsis, genus Atherinopsis
a genus of Atherinidae
jacksmelt, Atherinopsis californiensis
large silversides of Pacific coast of North America
Sphyraenidae, family Sphyraenidae
monotypic family of large active fishes of tropical and subtropical waters: barracuda
Sphyraena, genus Sphyraena
type and sole genus of the Sphyraenidae: barracuda
any voracious marine fish of the genus Sphyraena having an elongated cylindrical body and large mouth with projecting lower jaw and long strong teeth
great barracuda, Sphyraena barracuda
large (up to 6 ft) grayish-brown barracuda highly regarded as a food and sport fish; may be dangerous to swimmers
Pempheridae, family Pempheridae
little-known nocturnal fish of warm shallow seas with an oblong compressed body
Kyphosidae, family Kyphosidae
sea chubs
sea chub
schooling fishes mostly of Indian and western Pacific oceans; two species in western Atlantic
Kyphosus, genus Kyphosus
type genus of the Kyphosidae
Bermuda chub, rudderfish, Kyphosus sectatrix
food and game fish around Bermuda and Florida; often follow ships
Ephippidae, family Ephippidae
small family comprising the spadefishes
Chaetodipterus, genus Chaetodipterus
a genus of Ephippidae
spadefish, angelfish, Chaetodipterus faber
deep-bodied disk-shaped food fish of warmer western Atlantic coastal waters
Chaetodontidae, family Chaetodontidae
butterfly fishes
butterfly fish
small usually brilliantly colored tropical marine fishes having narrow deep bodies with large broad fins; found worldwide
genus Chaetodon
type genus of the Chaetodontidae
any fish of the genus Chaetodon
Pomacanthus, genus Pomacanthus
a butterfly fish of the genus Pomacanthus
rock beauty, Holocanthus tricolor
gold and black butterflyfish found from West Indies to Brazil
Pomacentridae, family Pomacentridae
damselfish, demoiselle
small brilliantly colored tropical marine fishes of coral reefs
Pomacentrus, genus Pomacentrus
type genus of the Pomacentridae: damselfishes
beaugregory, Pomacentrus leucostictus
blue-and-yellow damselfish of Bermuda Florida and West Indies
Amphiprion, genus Amphiprion
damsel fishes
anemone fish
live associated with sea anemones
clown anemone fish, Amphiprion percula
an anemone fish of the genus Amphiprion
Abudefduf, genus Abudefduf
damsel fishes
sergeant major, Abudefduf saxatilis
large blue-gray black-striped damselfish; nearly worldwide
Labridae, family Labridae
chiefly tropical marine fishes with fleshy lips and powerful teeth; usually brightly colored
Achoerodus, genus Achoerodus
a genus of Labridae
pigfish, giant pigfish, Achoerodus gouldii
found around the Great Barrier Reef
Lachnolaimus, genus Lachnolaimus
a genus of Labridae
hogfish, hog snapper, Lachnolaimus maximus
large wrasse of western Atlantic; head of male resembles a pig's snout
Halicoeres, genus Halicoeres
a genus of Labridae
slippery dick, Halicoeres bivittatus
small wrasse of tropical Atlantic
puddingwife, Halicoeres radiatus
bluish and bronze wrasse; found from Florida keys to Brazil
Thalassoma, genus Thalassoma
a genus of Labridae
bluehead, Thalassoma bifasciatum
small Atlantic wrasse the male of which has a brilliant blue head
Hemipteronatus, genus Hemipteronatus
any of several small wrasses with compressed sharp-edged heads of the West Indies and Mediterranean
pearly razorfish, Hemipteronatus novacula
a kind of razorfish
Tautoga, genus Tautoga
tautog, blackfish, Tautoga onitis
large dark-colored food fish of the Atlantic coast of North America
Tautogolabrus, genus Tautogolabrus
a genus of Labridae
cunner, bergall, Tautogolabrus adspersus
common in north Atlantic coastal waters of the United States
Scaridae, family Scaridae
parrotfish, pollyfish
gaudy tropical fishes with parrotlike beaks formed by fusion of teeth
Polynemidae, family Polynemidae
mullet-like tropical marine fishes having pectoral fins with long threadlike rays
Polydactylus, genus Polydactylus
a genus of Polynemidae
barbu, Polydactylus virginicus
found along western Atlantic coast
Opisthognathidae, family Opisthognathidae
small large-mouthed tropical marine fishes common along sandy bottoms; males brood egg balls in their mouths; popular aquarium fishes
Uranoscopidae, family Uranoscopidae
heavy-bodied marine bottom-lurkers with eyes on flattened top of the head
Dactyloscopidae, family Dactyloscopidae
sand stargazers
sand stargazer
small pallid fishes of shoal tropical waters of North and South America having eyes on stalks atop head; they burrow in sand to await prey
Blennioidea, suborder Blennioidea
blennies; butterfishes; gunnels
blennioid fish, blennioid
elongated mostly scaleless marine fishes with large pectoral fins and reduced pelvic fins
Blenniidae, family Blenniidae
a family of fish including: combtooth blennies
blenny, combtooth blenny
small usually scaleless fishes with comb-like teeth living about rocky shores; territorial and hole-dwelling
Blennius, genus Blennius
type genus of the Blenniidae
shanny, Blennius pholis
European scaleless blenny
Scartella, genus Scartella
a genus of Blenniidae
Molly Miller, Scartella cristata
inhabits both coasts of tropical Atlantic
Clinidae, family Clinidae
viviparous blennies of temperate and tropical seas
clinid, clinid fish
mostly small blennioid fishes of coral reefs and seagrass beds
Chaenopsis, genus Chaenopsis
a genus of fish of the family Clinidae including pikeblennies
tropical American fishes; males are aggressively defensive of their territory
bluethroat pikeblenny, Chaenopsis ocellata
found from Florida to Cuba
Pholidae, family Pholidae, family Pholididae
a family of fish of suborder Blennioidea
gunnel, bracketed blenny
small eellike fishes common in shallow waters of the North Atlantic
Pholis, genus Pholis
type genus of the Pholidae: gunnels
rock gunnel, butterfish, Pholis gunnellus
slippery scaleless food fish of North Atlantic coastal waters
Stichaeidae, family Stichaeidae
small elongate fishes of shallow northern seas; a long dorsal fin consists entirely of spines
Lumpenus, genus Lumpenus
a genus of Stichaeidae
snakeblenny, Lumpenus lumpretaeformis
found in Arctic and North Atlantic
eellike fishes found in subarctic coastal waters
Cryptacanthodes, genus Cryptacanthodes
a genus of Stichaeidae
wrymouth, ghostfish, Cryptacanthodes maculatus
eellike Atlantic bottom fish with large almost vertical mouth
Anarhichadidae, family Anarhichadidae
Anarhichas, genus Anarhichas
type genus of the Anarhichadidae
wolffish, wolf fish, catfish
large ferocious northern deep-sea food fishes with strong teeth and no pelvic fins
Zoarcidae, family Zoarcidae
eelpout, pout
marine eellike mostly bottom-dwelling fishes of northern seas
Zoarces, genus Zoarces
type genus of the Zoarcidae
viviparous eelpout, Zoarces viviparus
an eelpout of northern Europe that is viviparous
Gymnelis, genus Gymnelis
a genus of Zoarcidae
fish doctor, Gymnelis viridis
brightly colored scaleless Arctic eelpout
Macrozoarces, genus Macrozoarces
a genus of Zoarcidae
ocean pout, Macrozoarces americanus
common along northeastern coast of North America
Ammodytidae, family Ammodytidae
sand lances
Ammodytes, genus Ammodytes
type genus of the Ammodytidae
sand lance, sand launce, sand eel, launce
very small silvery eellike schooling fishes that burrow into sandy beaches
Callionymidae, family Callionymidae
small often brightly colored scaleless marine bottom-dwellers; found in tropical and warm-temperate waters of Europe and America
Gobiidae, family Gobiidae
goby, gudgeon
small spiny-finned fish of coastal or brackish waters having a large head and elongated tapering body having the ventral fins modified as a sucker
Periophthalmus, genus Periophthalmus
a genus of Gobiidae
mudskipper, mudspringer
found in tropical coastal regions of Africa and Asia; able to move on land on strong pectoral fins
Eleotridae, family Eleotridae
sleeper, sleeper goby
tropical fish that resembles a goby and rests quietly on the bottom in shallow water
Percophidae, family Percophidae
percoid flatheads
pallid bottom-dwelling flat-headed fish with large eyes and a duck-like snout
Toxotidae, family Toxotidae
Toxotes, genus Toxotes
type genus of the Toxotidae
archerfish, Toxotes jaculatrix
any of several small Indo-Australian freshwater fishes that catch insects by squirting water at them and knocking them into the water
Microdesmidae, family Microdesmidae
poorly known family of small tropical shallow-water fishes related to gobies
Acanthuridae, family Acanthuridae
brightly colored coral-reef fish with knifelike spines at the tail
Acanthurus, genus Acanthurus
type genus of the Acanthuridae: doctorfishes
doctorfish, Acanthurus chirurgus
surgeon fish of the West Indies
Gempylidae, family Gempylidae
snake mackerels
snake mackerels; elongated oily-fleshed marine fishes resembling mackerels; found worldwide
Gempylus, genus Gempylus
type genus of the Gempylidae
snake mackerel, Gempylus serpens
predatory tropical fishes with jutting jaws and strong teeth
Lepidocybium, genus Lepidocybium
a genus of Gempylidae
escolar, Lepidocybium flavobrunneum
large snake mackerel with rings like spectacles around its eyes
oilfish, Ruvettus pretiosus
very large deep-water snake mackerel
Trichiuridae, family Trichiuridae
cutlassfish, frost fish, hairtail
long-bodied marine fishes having a long whiplike scaleless body and sharp teeth; closely related to snake_mackerel
Scombroidea, suborder Scombroidea
mackerels; tunas; albacores; bonitos; swordfishes; sailfishes
scombroid, scombroid fish
important marine food and game fishes found in all tropical and temperate seas; some are at least partially endothermic and can thrive in colder waters
Scombridae, family Scombridae
marine food fishes: mackerels; chub mackerels; tuna
any of various fishes of the family Scombridae
Scomber, genus Scomber
type genus of the Scombridae
common mackerel, shiner, Scomber scombrus
important food fish of the North Atlantic and Mediterranean; its body is greenish-blue with dark bars and small if any scales
Spanish mackerel, Scomber colias
medium-sized mackerel of temperate Atlantic and Gulf of Mexico
chub mackerel, tinker, Scomber japonicus
small mackerel found nearly worldwide
Acanthocybium, genus Acanthocybium
wahoo, Acanthocybium solandri
large fast-moving predacious food and game fish; found worldwide
Scomberomorus, genus Scomberomorus
Spanish mackerels
Spanish mackerel
any of several large marine food fishes of the genus Scomberomorus
king mackerel, cavalla, cero, Scomberomorus cavalla
large mackerel with long pointed snout; important food and game fish of the eastern Atlantic coast south to Brazil
Scomberomorus maculatus
large commercially important mackerel of American Atlantic coastal waters
cero, pintado, kingfish, Scomberomorus regalis
large edible mackerel of temperate United States coastal Atlantic waters
sierra, Scomberomorus sierra
a Spanish mackerel of western North America
Thunnus, genus Thunnus
tunas: warm-blooded fishes
tuna, tunny
any very large marine food and game fish of the genus Thunnus; related to mackerel; chiefly of warm waters
albacore, long-fin tunny, Thunnus alalunga
large pelagic tuna the source of most canned tuna; reaches 93 pounds and has long pectoral fins; found worldwide in tropical and temperate waters
bluefin, bluefin tuna, horse mackerel, Thunnus thynnus
largest tuna; to 1500 pounds; of mostly temperate seas: feed in polar regions but breed in tropics
yellowfin, yellowfin tuna, Thunnus albacares
may reach 400 pounds; worldwide in tropics
Sarda, genus Sarda
any of various scombroid fishes intermediate in size and characteristics between mackerels and tunas
skipjack, Atlantic bonito, Sarda sarda
medium-sized tuna-like food fish of warm Atlantic and Pacific waters; less valued than tuna
Chile bonito, Chilean bonito, Sarda chiliensis
common bonito of Pacific coast of the Americas; its dark oily flesh cans well
Pacific bonito, Sarda lineolata
probably a northern strain of Chile bonito
Euthynnus, genus Euthynnus
a genus of Scombridae
skipjack, skipjack tuna, Euthynnus pelamis
oceanic schooling tuna of considerable value in Pacific but less in Atlantic; reaches 75 pounds; very similar to if not the same as oceanic bonito
Katsuwonus, genus Katsuwonus
oceanic bonitos; in some classifications placed in its own family Katsuwonidae
Katsuwonidae, family Kasuwonidae
in some classifications considered a separate family comprising the oceanic bonitos
bonito, oceanic bonito, Katsuwonus pelamis
fish whose flesh is dried and flaked for Japanese cookery; may be same species as skipjack tuna
Xiphiidae, family Xiphiidae
comprising the common swordfishes
Xiphias, genus Xiphias
type genus of the Xiphiidae
swordfish, Xiphias gladius
large toothless marine food fish with a long swordlike upper jaw; not completely cold-blooded i.e. they are able to warm their brains and eyes: worldwide in warm waters but feed on cold ocean floor coming to surface at night
Istiophoridae, family Istiophoridae
sailfishes; spearfishes; marlins
large pelagic game fish having an elongated upper jaw and long sail-like dorsal fin
Istiophorus, genus Istiophorus
type genus of the Istiophoridae
Atlantic sailfish, Istiophorus albicans
a kind of sailfish
giant warm-water game fish having a prolonged and rounded toothless upper jaw
Makaira, genus Makaira
marlin, spearfish
large long-jawed oceanic sport fishes; related to sailfishes and spearfishes; not completely cold-blooded i.e. able to warm their brains and eyes
blue marlin, Makaira nigricans
largest marlin; may reach 2000 pounds; found worldwide in warm seas
black marlin, Makaira mazara
Pacific marlin
black marlin, Makaira marlina
Pacific marlin
striped marlin, Makaira mitsukurii
Pacific food and game fish marked with dark blue vertical stripes
white marlin, Makaira albida
small marlin (to 180 pounds) of western Atlantic
Tetrapturus, genus Tetrapturus
a genus of Istiophoridae
any of several large vigorous pelagic fishes resembling sailfishes but with first dorsal fin much reduced; worldwide but rare
Luvaridae, family Luvaridae
Luvarus, genus Luvarus
type genus of the Luvaridae
louvar, Luvarus imperialis
large silvery fish found worldwide in warm seas but nowhere common; resembles a whale and feeds on plankton
Stromateidae, family Stromateidae
butterfishes: harvest fishes; dollar fishes
butterfish, stromateid fish, stromateid
small marine fish with a short smooth-scaled compressed body and feeble spines
Poronotus, genus Poronotus
a genus of Stromateidae
dollarfish, Poronotus triacanthus
small food fish of Atlantic coast
genus Palometa
a genus of Stromateidae
palometa, California pompano, Palometa simillima
smaller than Florida pompano; common in West Indies
Paprilus, genus Paprilus
a genus of Stromateidae
harvestfish, Paprilus alepidotus
butterfish up to a foot long of Atlantic waters from Chesapeake Bay to Argentina
Psenes, genus Psenes
a genus of Stromateidae
small (6 inches) tropical butterfishes found worldwide
Ariomma, genus Ariomma
a genus of Stromateidae
larger driftfishes of eastern Atlantic from NY area to northern Gulf of Mexico
Tetragonurus, genus Tetragonurus
a genus of Stromateidae
sluggish square-tailed fish armored with tough bony scales; of deep warm waters
Hyperoglyphe, genus Hyperoglyphe
a genus of Stromateidae
barrelfish, black rudderfish, Hyperglyphe perciformis
blackish fish of New England waters
Gobiesocidae, family Gobiesocidae
Gobiesox, genus Gobiesox
type genus of the Gobiesocidae
very small (to 3 inches) flattened marine fish with a sucking disc on the abdomen for clinging to rocks etc.
skilletfish, Gobiesox strumosus
clingfish with typical skillet shape
Lobotidae, family Lobotidae
Lobotes, genus Lobotes
type genus of the Lobotidae
large food fish of warm waters worldwide having long anal and dorsal fins that with caudal fin suggest a three-lobed tail
Atlantic tripletail, Lobotes surinamensis
tripletail found from Cape Cod to northern South America
Pacific tripletail, Lobotes pacificus
tripletail found in the Pacific
Gerreidae, family Gerreidae, Gerridae, family Gerridae
small silvery schooling fishes with protrusible mouths found in warm coastal waters
Gerres, genus Gerres
type genus of the Gerreidae
yellowfin mojarra, Gerres cinereus
popular panfish from Bermuda and Gulf of Mexico to Brazil
Eucinostomus, genus Eucinostomus
a genus of Gerreidae
silver jenny, Eucinostomus gula
silvery mojarra found along sandy shores of the western Atlantic
Sillaginidae, family Sillaginidae
small family of small food fishes of shallow Indo-Pacific waters
Sillago, genus Sillago
type genus of the Sillaginidae
a small fish of the genus Sillago; excellent food fish
Ganoidei, order Ganoidei
a group of mostly extinct primitive bony fishes characterized by armor-like bony scales
ganoid, ganoid fish
primitive fishes having thick bony scales with a shiny covering
Amiidae, family Amiidae
only the bowfins
Amia, genus Amia
type genus of the Amiidae
bowfin, grindle, dogfish, Amia calva
primitive long-bodies carnivorous freshwater fish with a very long dorsal fin; found in sluggish waters of North America
Polyodontidae, family Polyodontidae
Polyodon, genus Polyodon
type genus of the Polyodontidae
paddlefish, duckbill, Polyodon spathula
primitive fish of the Mississippi valley having a long paddle-shaped snout
Psephurus, genus Psephurus
a genus of Polyodontidae
Chinese paddlefish, Psephurus gladis
fish of larger rivers of China similar to the Mississippi paddlefish
Acipenseridae, family Acipenseridae
large primitive fishes valued for their flesh and roe; widely distributed in north temperate zone
Acipenser, genus Acipenser
type genus of the Acipenseridae: sturgeons
Pacific sturgeon, white sturgeon, Sacramento sturgeon, Acipenser transmontanus
food and game fish of marine and fresh waters of northwestern coast of North America
beluga, hausen, white sturgeon, Acipenser huso
valuable source of caviar and isinglass; found in Black and Caspian seas
Lepisosteidae, family Lepisosteidae
comprises the genus Lepisosteus
Lepisosteus, genus Lepisosteus
type genus of the Lepisosteidae: freshwater gars
gar, garfish, garpike, billfish, Lepisosteus osseus
primitive predaceous North American fish covered with hard scales and having long jaws with needle-like teeth
Scleroparei, order Scleroparei
scorpionfishes; sculpins; gurnards; greenlings; flying gurnards
Scorpaenoidea, suborder Scorpaenoidea
mail-cheeked fishes: scorpionfishes; gurnards
scorpaenoid, scorpaenoid fish
fishes having the the head armored with bony plates
Scorpaenidae, family Scorpaenidae
scorpionfishes; rockfishes; lionfishes
scorpaenid, scorpaenid fish
any of numerous carnivorous usually bottom-dwelling warm-water marine fishes found worldwide but most abundant in the Pacific
Scorpaena, genus Scorpaena
type genus of the Scorpaenidae: scorpionfishes
scorpionfish, scorpion fish, sea scorpion
marine fishes having a tapering body with an armored head and venomous spines
plumed scorpionfish, Scorpaena grandicornis
a kind of scorpionfish
Pterois, genus Pterois
brightly striped fish of the tropical Pacific having elongated spiny fins
Synanceja, genus Synanceja
stonefish, Synanceja verrucosa
venomous tropical marine fish resembling a piece of rock
Sebastodes, genus Sebastodes
marine food fish found among rocks along the northern coasts of Europe and America
copper rockfish, Sebastodes caurinus
of North American Pacific coastal waters
vermillion rockfish, rasher, Sebastodes miniatus
commercially important fish of the North American Pacific coast
red rockfish, Sebastodes ruberrimus
large fish of North American Pacific coast
rosefish, ocean perch, Sebastodes marinus
large fish of northern Atlantic coasts of America and Europe
Cottidae, family Cottidae
Cottus, genus Cottus
type genus of the Cottidae: sculpins
any of numerous spiny large-headed broad-bouthed usually scaleless scorpaenoid fishes
freshwater sculpin with a large flattened bony-plated head with hornlike spines
small freshwater sculpin of Europe and North America
Hemitripterus, genus Hemitripterus
sea ravens
sea raven, Hemitripterus americanus
large sculpin of western Atlantic; inflates itself when caught
Myxocephalus, genus Myxocephalus
grubby, Myxocephalus aenaeus
small sculpin of the coast of New England
Cyclopteridae, family Cyclopteridae
Cyclopterus, genus Cyclopterus
type genus of the Cyclopteridae: lumpfishes
lumpfish, Cyclopterus lumpus
clumsy soft thick-bodied North Atlantic fish with pelvic fins fused into a sucker; edible roe used for caviar
any of several very small lumpfishes
Liparididae, family Liparididae, Liparidae, family Liparidae
Liparis, genus Liparis
type genus of the Liparididae: snailfishes
snailfish, seasnail, sea snail, Liparis liparis
small tadpole-shaped cold-water fishes with pelvic fins forming a sucker; related to lumpfish
Agonidae, family Agonidae
poacher, sea poacher, sea poker
small slender fish (to 8 inches) with body covered by bony plates; chiefly of deeper north Pacific waters
Agonus, genus Agonus
type genus of the Agonidae
pogge, armed bullhead, Agonus cataphractus
North Atlantic sea poacher
Aspidophoroides, genus Aspidophoroides
alligatorfish, Aspidophoroides monopterygius
small very elongate sea poachers
Hexagrammidae, family Hexagrammidae
food fish of the northern Pacific
Hexagrammos, genus Hexagrammos
type genus of the Hexagrammidae
kelp greenling, Hexagrammos decagrammus
common food and sport fish of western coast of North America
Oxylebius, genus Oxylebius
a genus of Hexagrammidae
painted greenling, convictfish, Oxylebius pictus
greenling with whitish body marked with black bands
Platycephalidae, family Platycephalidae
scorpaenoid flatheads
food fish of the Indo-Pacific region resembling gurnards
Triglidae, family Triglidae
in some classifications restricted to the gurnards and subdivided into the subfamilies Triglinae (true sea robins) and Peristediinae (armored sea robins)
bottom-dwelling coastal fishes with spiny armored heads and fingerlike pectoral fins used for crawling along the sea bottom
Triga, genus Triga
type genus of the Triglidae
tub gurnard, yellow gurnard, Trigla lucerna
a kind of gurnard
sea robin, searobin
American gurnard; mostly found in bays and estuaries
Triglinae, subfamily Triglinae
in some classifications considered a subfamily of Triglidae comprising searobins having ordinary scales and no barbels (true searobins)
Prionotus, genus Prionotus
a genus of Triglidae
northern sea robin, Prionotus carolinus
large searobin; found from Nova Scotia to Florida
Peristediinae, subfamily Peristediinae
in some classifications considered a subfamily of Triglidae comprising the armored searobins
Peristedion, genus Peristedion
in some classifications the type genus of the subfamily Peristediinae: armored sea robins
armored searobin, armored sea robin, Peristedion miniatum
sea robins having bony scutes on the body and barbels on the chin; found mostly on the continental slope
Dactylopteridae, family Dactylopteridae
flying gurnards
Dactylopterus, genus Dactylopterus
a genus of Dactylopteridae
flying gurnard, flying robin, butterflyfish
tropical fish with huge fanlike pectoral fins for underwater gliding; unrelated to searobins
Plectognathi, order Plectognathi, order Tetraodontiformes
boxfishes; filefishes; globefishes; ocean sunfishes; triggerfishes; puffers
plectognath, plectognath fish
tropical marine fishes having the teeth fused into a beak and thick skin covered with bony plates or spines
Balistidae, family Balistidae
any of numerous compressed deep-bodied tropical fishes with sandpapery skin and erectile spines in the first dorsal fin
Balistes, genus Balistes
type genus of the Balistidae
queen triggerfish, Bessy cerca, oldwench, oldwife, Balistes vetula
tropical Atlantic fish
Monocanthidae, family Monocanthidae
narrow flattened warm-water fishes with leathery skin and a long file-like dorsal spine
Monocanthus, genus Monocanthus
type genus of the Monocanthidae
leatherjacket, leatherfish
any of several brightly colored tropical filefishes
Ostraciidae, family Ostraciidae, family Ostraciontidae
boxfish, trunkfish
any of numerous small tropical fishes having body and head encased in bony plates
Lactophrys, genus Lactophrys
a genus of Ostraciidae
cowfish, Lactophrys quadricornis
trunkfish having hornlike spines over the eyes
Tetraodontidae, family Tetraodontidae
puffer, blowfish, globefish
any of numerous marine fishes whose elongated spiny body can inflate itself with water or air to form a globe; several species contain a potent nerve poison; closely related to spiny puffers
Diodontidae, family Diodontidae
spiny puffers
spiny puffer
puffers having rigid or erectile spines
Diodon, genus Diodon
type genus of the Diodontidae
porcupinefish, porcupine fish, Diodon hystrix
spines become erect when the body is inflated; worldwide in warm waters
balloonfish, Diodon holocanthus
similar to but smaller than porcupinefish
Chilomycterus, genus Chilomycterus
any of several fishes having rigid flattened spines
Molidae, family Molidae
ocean sunfishes
genus Mola
type genus of the Molidae
ocean sunfish, sunfish, mola, headfish
among the largest bony fish; pelagic fish having an oval compressed body with high dorsal and anal fins and caudal fin reduced to a rudder-like lobe; worldwide in warm waters
sharptail mola, Mola lanceolata
caudal fin has a central projection
Heterosomata, order Heterosomata, order Pleuronectiformes
flatfishes: halibut; sole; flounder; plaice; turbot; tonguefishes
any of several families of fishes having flattened bodies that swim along the sea floor on one side of the body with both eyes on the upper side
any of various European and non-European marine flatfish
Pleuronectidae, family Pleuronectidae
righteye flounders
righteye flounder, righteyed flounder
flounders with both eyes on the right side of the head
Pleuronectes, genus Pleuronectes
type genus of the Pleuronectidae
plaice, Pleuronectes platessa
large European food fish
Platichthys, genus Platichthys
a genus of Pleuronectidae
European flatfish, Platichthys flesus
important food fish of Europe
Limanda, genus Limanda
a genus of Pleuronectidae
yellowtail flounder, Limanda ferruginea
American flounder having a yellowish tail
Pseudopleuronectes, genus Pseudopleuronectes
a genus of Pleuronectidae
winter flounder, blackback flounder, lemon sole, Pseudopleuronectes americanus
important American food fish in the winter
Microstomus, genus Microstomus
a genus of Pleuronectidae
lemon sole, Microstomus kitt
European flatfish highly valued as food
Hippoglossoides, genus Hippoglossoides
a genus of Pleuronectidae
American plaice, Hippoglossoides platessoides
large American food fish
halibut, holibut
marine food fish of North Atlantic or North Pacific; the largest flatfish and one of the largest teleost fishes
Hippoglossus, genus Hippoglossus
Atlantic halibut, Hippoglossus hippoglossus
largest United States flatfish
Pacific halibut, Hippoglossus stenolepsis
a righteye flounder found in the Pacific
Bothidae, family Bothidae
a family of fish of the order Heterosomata
lefteye flounder, lefteyed flounder
flatfishes with both eyes on the left side of the head
Paralichthys, genus Paralichthys
a genus of Bothidae
southern flounder, Paralichthys lethostigmus
flounder of southern United States
summer flounder, Paralichthys dentatus
flounder of eastern coast of North America
Etropus, genus Etropus
a genus of Bothidae
gray flounder, Etropus rimosus
N Carolina to Florida and eastern Gulf of Mexico
Citharichthys, genus Citharichthys
a genus of Bothidae
from New England to Brazil
horned whiff, Citharichthys cornutus
from Bahamas and northern Gulf of Mexico to Brazil
sand dab
small food fishes of the Pacific coast of North America
Scophthalmus, genus Scophthalmus
a genus of Bothidae
windowpane, Scophthalmus aquosus
very thin translucent flounder of the Atlantic coast of North America
brill, Scophthalmus rhombus
European food fish
Psetta, genus Psetta
a genus of Bothidae
turbot, Psetta maxima
a large brownish European flatfish
Cynoglossidae, family Cynoglossidae
left-eyed marine flatfish whose tail tapers to a point; of little commercial value
Soleidae, family Soleidae
right-eyed flatfish; many are valued as food; most common in warm seas esp. European
Solea, genus Solea
type genus of the Soleidae
European sole, Solea solea
highly valued as food
lemon sole, Solea lascaris
small European sole
Parophrys, genus Parophrys
a genus of Soleidae
English sole, lemon sole, Parophrys vitulus
popular pale brown food flatfish of the Pacific coast of North America
Psettichthys, genus Psettichthys
a genus of Soleidae
sand sole, Psettichthys melanostichus
common flatfish of North American Pacific coast
Trinectes, genus Trinectes
a genus of Soleidae
hogchoker, Trinectes maculatus
useless as food; in coastal streams from Maine to Texas and Panama
resembling a fish; "an extinct fishlike vertebrate"
(zoology) of or relating to fish of the family Carangidae
cyprinid, cyprinoid
of or relating to members of fish family Cyprinidae